The Geological Survey of Pakistan (GSP) located 184 billion tons of coal reserves in Badin District, Sindh in 2014. Officials say that these reserves can be used to produce low-cost power for many decades.
GSP located these reserves a few years back but the work could not proceed at pace since the GSP did not have modern drilling rigs. The drilling rigs that GSP had were purchased in the 1950s and no equipment was purchased after that. Then on June 19, 2017, the government released 415 million for acquiring new drilling rigs and in the same year, an additional amount of PKR 131 million was released for the appraisal of the newly discovered coal resources.
Since then, the work on the site has continued at a steady pace and the government first released Rs 13.7 million in the last fiscal year and has planned to allocate Rs 3.65 million for the FY 2019-20 under the PSDP.
The newly purchased drilling rigs are being used at the site and in the last year, the GSP drilled nine boreholes, at a depth of 3,660 meters in different locations where coal was found at different depths in almost all the areas. The drilling samples were from Pingrio, Jhudo, TandoBagho, Nando Town, Badin Bypass and Kingri.
The quality of the coal is categorized into four major categories, namely the Lignite, Sub-bituminous, Bituminous and Anthracite, the last category is considered the best quality of coal. The coal found in Badin is of Lignite to a sub-bituminous category with an average heating value of 6000 BTU/lb.
Moreover, huge copper, gold and iron reserves were also discovered on the site. The geologists were analyzing the samples from the boreholes and were digitally cataloging them. However, so far the estimated value of the metal reserves has not been calculated.